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Confluence of ThoughtMohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.$
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Bidyut Chakrabarty

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199951215

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199951215.001.0001

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Articulation of a New Ideology: Gandhi’s Approach to Human Equality

Articulation of a New Ideology: Gandhi’s Approach to Human Equality

Chapter:
(p.122) Chapter 3 Articulation of a New Ideology: Gandhi’s Approach to Human Equality
Source:
Confluence of Thought
Author(s):

Bidyut Chakrabarty

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199951215.003.0004

The chapter is an in-depth analysis of the movements that catapulted Gandhi to the centre-stage of India’s freedom struggle against British colonialism. This is where I have shown the importance of grassroots political mobilization in the nationalist movement. That non-violent civil disobedience was an effective political instrument became evident in the movements that Gandhi had launched in India against a well-entrenched colonial power. Gandhi had launched three pan-Indian political movements against the British: the 1920-22 Non-Cooperation Movement was an act ‘omission’ which meant that the Indians were asked to withdraw from the government and other sources of institutionalized power to harm those in political authority; the 1930-32 Civil Disobedience was an act of commission in which Gandhi gave a call to challenge the government by undertaking the various kinds of protest movements both at the national and local levels; the 1942 Quit India Movement or the open rebellion was the last Gandhi-led pan-Indian movement in which Gandhi asked the British to quit India which deviated, on various occasions, from the well-established Gandhian path of non-violence.

Keywords:   Non-violence, civil disobedience, Indigo Rebellion, peasant mobilization, workers’ struggle, nationalism

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