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Defining the StruggleNational Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915$
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Susan D. Carle

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945740

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.001.0001

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Building the NAACP’s Legal Agenda, 1910–1915

Building the NAACP’s Legal Agenda, 1910–1915

(p.273) 12 Building the NAACP’s Legal Agenda, 1910–1915
Defining the Struggle

Susan D. Carle

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the birth of the NAACP's law-focused agenda. It analyzes its earliest criminal defense cases, the beginning of its first national legal committee, and its adoption of a test case litigation strategy. It also examines its national legislative efforts, tracing their origins to specific National Afro-American Council leaders who suggested particular campaigns to the NAACP. It ends with the story of the NAACP's first Supreme Court victory, in the grandfather clause case titled U.S. v. Guinn, and assesses the NAACP's achievements in its earliest years, attributing its ability to grow in adverse conditions to the experience garnered by the leaders involved in the earlier efforts this book explores.

Keywords:   NAACP Steve Green case, NAACP Pink Franklin case, NAACP early relationship with the National Urban League, NAACP first National Legal Committee, William Wherry Jr, W. Ashbie Hawkins, NAACP first test cases, U.S. v. Guinn, grandfather clause litigation

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