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Defining the StruggleNational Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915$
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Susan D. Carle

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945740

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.001.0001

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The Beginnings of Twentieth-Century Protest in the Niagara Movement’s Experience, 1906–1909

The Beginnings of Twentieth-Century Protest in the Niagara Movement’s Experience, 1906–1909

Chapter:
(p.193) 9 The Beginnings of Twentieth-Century Protest in the Niagara Movement’s Experience, 1906–1909
Source:
Defining the Struggle
Author(s):

Susan D. Carle

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.003.0010

This chapter examines the Niagara Movement's history from 1906 until its merger into the NAACP in 1909. It analyzes the principles that motivated its inspirational 1906 Harper's Ferry meeting, as well as the biographies and activities of the Niagara Movement's first women members and of its central test case plaintiff, Barbara E. Pope. It assesses the lessons Du Bois and others drew from the Niagara Movement experience, including lessons about the relationship between law and racial justice activism and about the necessary ingredients for building a sustainable national organization in the face of the adverse political and social conditions of the era.

Keywords:   Reverdy C. Ransom, Barbara E. Pope, Niagara Movement's admission of women, Niagara Movement women activists' biographies, Niagara Movement history, Niagara Movement as NAACP predecessor, W.E.B. Du Bois political development

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