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Defining the StruggleNational Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915$
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Susan D. Carle

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945740

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
Defining the Struggle

Susan D. Carle

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an overview of the book's argument and narrative. It argues that social movements theory and standard legal civil rights history have failed to fully account for the work of the generation of national racial justice activists whose efforts preceded the founding of the NAACP and the National Urban League. Despite the extremely adverse political and social conditions this generation of activists encountered, they persisted in developing and improving strategies for racial justice activism that provided the founding platforms for the NAACP and the National Urban League at their beginnings in the early twentieth century.

Keywords:   social movements theory, U.S. civil rights history, legal civil rights history, nadir period, legal liberalism critique, history of the NAACP

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