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A Comparative Grammar of Borgomanerese$
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Christina Tortora

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945627

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945627.001.0001

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The Syntax and Semantics of the Weak Locative

The Syntax and Semantics of the Weak Locative

Chapter:
(p.5) Chapter 2 The Syntax and Semantics of the Weak Locative
Source:
A Comparative Grammar of Borgomanerese
Author(s):

Christina Tortora

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945627.003.0002

This chapter examines the properties of an inversion construction in Borgomanerese. This construction, dubbed the ghi-construction, involves a locative morpheme which, on the one hand, has expletive-like properties but, on the other hand, can be shown to have semantic content. It is argued that the locative morpheme is best analyzed as an argument of the GOAL-entailing unaccusative verb it occurs with. The data and the analyses provided have consequences for our understanding of inversion structures with a subclass of unaccusatives in Italian and in English. Specifically, the English morpheme there in there-sentences (e.g., There arrived three women) is argued to be an internal argument syntactically projected only by GOAL-entailing unaccusatives. Likewise, Italian is argued to project a phonologically null version of this argument, pro-loc.

Keywords:   weak locative, GOAL-entailing verbs, source-entailing verbs, verbs of inherently directed motion, existentials, null locative, expletive, deixis, i-subject

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