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The Legal Language of Scottish BurghsStandardization and Lexical Bundles (1380-1560)$
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Joanna Kopaczyk

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199945153

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945153.001.0001

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The Grammar of Lexical Bundles in Early Legal Scots

The Grammar of Lexical Bundles in Early Legal Scots

Chapter:
(p.158) 9 The Grammar of Lexical Bundles in Early Legal Scots
Source:
The Legal Language of Scottish Burghs
Author(s):

Joanna Kopaczyk

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945153.003.0009

Automatic extraction of recurrent strings renders very diverse material, also from a structural point of view. The analysis clearly shows that the recurrent patterns constitute structural frames, which are very often phrasally incomplete. This chapter helps to organize the findings, dividing the extracted lexical bundles into noun phrase fragments, prepositional phrase fragments, verb phrase fragments, and clause fragments. The texts rely heavily on recurrent patterns with a nominal element, which corroborates the informational character of legal discourse. The most striking feature of noun phrase fragments is that they often overlap with prepositional phrase fragments, indicating the existence of longer fixed and recurrent strings. Among the prepositional phrase fragments, the of-phrases occupy a prominent position, while in verbs one can discern a tendency for passive constructions. The findings prove that open grammatical classes pose no obstacle to formulaicity, even in longer bundles.

Keywords:   lexical bundles, phrase fragments, noun phrase, verb phrase, prepositional phrase, formulaicity

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