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Foreign FightersTransnational Identity in Civic Conflicts$
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David Malet

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199939459

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199939459.001.0001

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Afghanistan (1978–1992) and Beyond

Afghanistan (1978–1992) and Beyond

(p.158) 6 Afghanistan (1978–1992) and Beyond
Foreign Fighters

David Malet

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the recruitment of the Arab Afghan volunteers in the 1980s war that led to the formation of both al Qaeda and the modern transnational jihadi Islamist movement. After the Soviet Red Army intervened on behalf of the faltering communist faction in the civil war in Afghanistan, Arab activists led a campaign to persuade Muslims around the world to liberate Afghans from Russian communist occupation. Despite the limited impact of the transnational insurgents in that war, the frame of a global Islamic community under threat has continued for decades since to be used by Arab Afghan veterans and other recruiters to draw foreign fighters to conflicts across the globe.

Keywords:   Afghanistan, al Qaeda, Mujahidin, Azzam, Bin Laden, jihad

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