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Foreign FightersTransnational Identity in Civic Conflicts$
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David Malet

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199939459

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199939459.001.0001

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Why We Fight (Elsewhere)

Why We Fight (Elsewhere)

Chapter:
(p.14) 1 Why We Fight (Elsewhere)
Source:
Foreign Fighters
Author(s):

David Malet

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199939459.003.0002

An examination of potential rationales for foreign fighter mobilization contained in the literatures various relevant academic disciplines. Explanations of rebel mobilization in the civil war literature differ between the greed or grievances of local insurgents, neither of which appear to apply to transnational insurgents. However, the literature on military service, and on social identity theory, indicate that individuals will sacrifice for the security of their group. Studies of transnational civil society literature demonstrate how effective activists use framing to make political conflicts relevant to distant audiences by making them feel as though they have a direct stake in the outcome. Globalization has increased the number and reach of transnational groups. Foreign fighters are the product of the successful construction of a transnational identity through social institutions, and of the successful framing of a threat to its existence.

Keywords:   transnational, social network, identity, norm, duty, globalization, framing

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