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The Dynamics of RadicalizationA Relational and Comparative Perspective$
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Eitan Y. Alimi, Lorenzo Bosi, and Chares Demetriou

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199937707

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937707.001.0001

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Radicalization in Reverse and Non-Radicalization

Radicalization in Reverse and Non-Radicalization

Chapter:
(p.219) Chapter 7 Radicalization in Reverse and Non-Radicalization
Source:
The Dynamics of Radicalization
Author(s):

Eitan Y. Alimi

Chares Demetriou

Lorenzo Bosi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937707.003.0007

The chapter focuses on processes of de-radicalization and non-radicalization. De-radicalization refers to the full or partial reversal of the radicalization process. The chapter analyzes de-radicalization by providing evidence and illustrations from critical stages in the episodes of the Red Brigades, EOKA, and al-Qaeda where possibilities for putting a brake on the respective radicalization processes existed. Non-radicalization refers to the process of political contention in which violence is hardly featured. The chapter analyzes non-radicalization in the episodes of the Jewish settler contention against the Gaza Pullout of 2005, the Catalan Nationalist movement contention during the 1970s, and the contention during the European Social Forum inaugural convention in Florence, Italy, in November 2002. It demonstrates how radicalization in each episode was impeded through the separate and joint operation of relational mechanisms that mirrored in reverse the operation of those mechanisms producing radicalization. Along the way, the chapter examines and evaluates two related areas of scholarship, the counterterrorism and disengagement from political violence studies.

Keywords:   de-radicalization, non-radicalization, path dependency, reverse mechanisms, Gaza Pullout, European Social Forum, Catalan Nationalism

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