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The Dynamics of RadicalizationA Relational and Comparative Perspective$
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Eitan Y. Alimi, Lorenzo Bosi, and Chares Demetriou

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199937707

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937707.001.0001

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The Cypriot Enosis Movement and EOKA (1945–1959)

The Cypriot Enosis Movement and EOKA (1945–1959)

Chapter:
(p.98) Chapter 4 The Cypriot Enosis Movement and EOKA (1945–1959)
Source:
The Dynamics of Radicalization
Author(s):

Eitan Y. Alimi

Chares Demetriou

Lorenzo Bosi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937707.003.0004

The chapter analyzes the episode of contention of the Greek nationalist Enosis movement in Cyprus from the mid-1940s through the 1950s. It focuses on how and when groups within the movement gradually radicalized, a process that ultimately led to the formation of the underground organization EOKA, the insurgency campaign by EOKA, the counter-insurgency campaign by the British colonial forces, and the armed campaign by an organization of the Cypriot Turkish counter-movement. The chapter demonstrates that the radicalization process featuring EOKA was relational within an intra-national political context that included the governments of Turkey and Greece as well as the British government in London and Nicosia. Given that the claim of the Enosis movement was the union of Cyprus with Greece, it is shown that the radicalization process was crucially propelled by upward spirals of international constraints and threats, outbidding between EOKA and the security forces, and instances of categorical violence with the Cypriot Turkish counter-movement.

Keywords:   British colonialism, nationalism, counter-insurgency, categorical violence, Cypriot-Turkish nationalist movement

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