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Variation in DativesA Microcomparative Perspective$
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Beatriz Fernandez and Ricardo Etxepare

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199937363

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937363.001.0001

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Syntactic Microvariation: Dative Constructions in Greek

Syntactic Microvariation: Dative Constructions in Greek

Chapter:
(p.212) Chapter 8 Syntactic Microvariation: Dative Constructions in Greek
Source:
Variation in Datives
Author(s):

Dimitris Michelioudakis

Ioanna Sitaridou

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937363.003.0008

This chapter deals with some previously unknown dimensions of variation in the syntax of dative arguments across a range of diatopic and diachronic varieties of Greek. The diversity observed concerns the morphological exponence of dative arguments, the availability of prepositional alternants, the relative height and the binding and scopal properties of direct and indirect objects, the kind and strength of person restrictions in pronominal clusters, and A-dependencies with and across dative arguments. The aim of the analysis is to reduce all apparent variation to the interaction of a limited number of variables, namely the precise nature of the arguments’ case feature (based on a principled distinction of different “flavours” of inherent Case, which may vary as to their transparency to Agree/Move and their ability to induce defective intervention effects), and several independent argument structure-related properties, all pointing toward a movement analysis of alternating datives. The underlying properties of inherent Case features are shown to be largely independent from their morphological exponents (morphological genitive or accusative in Modern Greek dialects); this dissociation leads us to predict a four-way typology of combinations of abstract and morphological case in Greek, which is in fact confirmed by the data, while there are also varieties allowing for more than one combination across different constructions within the same grammar.

Keywords:   dative alternations, inherent Case, Pontic Greek/Romeyka Cypriot Greek, PCC, defective intervention

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