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Vision and the Visual System$
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Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199936533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.001.0001

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The Retina

The Retina

(p.35) 3 The Retina
Vision and the Visual System

Peter H. Schiller

Edward J. Tehovnik

Oxford University Press

The retina is a complex structures that has five major classes of neurons, each of which comes in several subtypes. In the photoreceptors the incoming photons generate neural signals that then activate the bipolar cells and the horizontal cells which in turn connect with the amacrine cells and the retinal ganglion. The axons of the ganglion cells connect to several brain areas for visual analysis. This chapter has four subsections. In section A the basic layout of the human eye is delineated. In section B the basic organization of the retina is described. In section C the bipolar, horizontal and amacrine cells of the retina is discussed. Section D specifies how the information is transmitted from the photoreceptors to the retinal ganglion cells. Section E provides a summary.

Keywords:   amacrine cells, bipolar cells, horizontal cells, ganglion cells, midget cells, parasol cells, photoreceptors, rods, cones, sublamina

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