The retina is a complex structures that has five major classes of neurons, each of which comes in several subtypes. In the photoreceptors the incoming photons generate neural signals that then activate the bipolar cells and the horizontal cells which in turn connect with the amacrine cells and the retinal ganglion. The axons of the ganglion cells connect to several brain areas for visual analysis. This chapter has four subsections. In section A the basic layout of the human eye is delineated. In section B the basic organization of the retina is described. In section C the bipolar, horizontal and amacrine cells of the retina is discussed. Section D specifies how the information is transmitted from the photoreceptors to the retinal ganglion cells. Section E provides a summary.
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