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Vision and the Visual System$
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Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199936533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.001.0001

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Basic Wiring of the Visual System

Basic Wiring of the Visual System

(p.27) 2 Basic Wiring of the Visual System
Vision and the Visual System

Peter H. Schiller

Edward J. Tehovnik

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the basic layout of the visual system and examines some of the changes that have occurred in the visual system in the course of evolution. The chapter has three subdivisions. In section A, the manner in which images impinge on the retina of the two eyes in species with sideways and forward looking eyes is described. Section B delineates the manner in which the retinal ganglion cells connect to various areas of the brain that include the superior colliculus, the nucleus of the optic tract, the terminal nuclei, the lateral geniculate nucleus, and the visual cortex. Section C provides a summary of the chapter.

Keywords:   horopter, visual image, optic tract, lateral geniculate nucleus, retina, superior colliculus, areas V1, V2, V3, and V4, inferotemporal cortex, medial temporal cortex

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