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Vision and the Visual System$
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Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199936533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.001.0001

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Eye-Movement Control

Eye-Movement Control

(p.297) 15 Eye-Movement Control
Vision and the Visual System

Peter H. Schiller

Edward J. Tehovnik

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the manner in which higher level organisms accomplish eye movements. The chapter has twelve sections. Section A outlines the basic facts about eye movements. Sections B and C describe the role the brainstem and the superior colliculi play in the control of eye movements. In sections D and E the cortical control of eye movements is described. In section F the effects of brain lesions are examined. In section G the role of excitatory and inhibitory circuits plays in eye-movement generation is described. In section H the neural control of smooth pursuit eye movements is outlined. Section I describes the neural mechanisms involved in keeping the two eyes in register. Section J describes the mechanisms involved in eye-movement stabilization. Section K discusses eye movements that arise during sleep. Section L provides an overview of the circuits involved in eye movement control. Section M provides a summary.

Keywords:   accessory optic system, brainstem, eye-movement control, eye muscles, saccadic eye movements, smooth pursuit eye movements, REM sleep, optokinetic nystagmus

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