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Vision and the Visual System$
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Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199936533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 11 July 2020

Eye-Movement Control

Eye-Movement Control

Chapter:
(p.297) 15 Eye-Movement Control
Source:
Vision and the Visual System
Author(s):

Peter H. Schiller

Edward J. Tehovnik

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0015

This chapter examines the manner in which higher level organisms accomplish eye movements. The chapter has twelve sections. Section A outlines the basic facts about eye movements. Sections B and C describe the role the brainstem and the superior colliculi play in the control of eye movements. In sections D and E the cortical control of eye movements is described. In section F the effects of brain lesions are examined. In section G the role of excitatory and inhibitory circuits plays in eye-movement generation is described. In section H the neural control of smooth pursuit eye movements is outlined. Section I describes the neural mechanisms involved in keeping the two eyes in register. Section J describes the mechanisms involved in eye-movement stabilization. Section K discusses eye movements that arise during sleep. Section L provides an overview of the circuits involved in eye movement control. Section M provides a summary.

Keywords:   accessory optic system, brainstem, eye-movement control, eye muscles, saccadic eye movements, smooth pursuit eye movements, REM sleep, optokinetic nystagmus

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