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Vision and the Visual System$
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Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199936533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.001.0001

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Depth Perception

Depth Perception

(p.211) 12 Depth Perception
Vision and the Visual System

Peter H. Schiller

Edward J. Tehovnik

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses several brain areas that are involved in the processing of depth. Section A deals with stereoscopic depth perception that is accomplished by the brain analyzing the small differences in the images of objects that impinge on the retinae of the two eye due to the differential location in the eyes in the head. Section B provides information about the role differential motion information plays in depth perception that is created on the retinal surface by objects located at different distances from the observer. Section C describes the role shading plays in inferring depth, which most commonly arises when light is reflected from objects in the visual scene. Section D discusses how we utilize perspective and relative size for perceiving depth. In section E the manner in which the various depth cues are integrated in the brain is described. Section F provides a summary for the chapter.

Keywords:   accommodation, binocular disparity, depth perception, perspective, relative size, shading, vergence, stereopsis

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