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Latin America's Multicultural MovementsThe Struggle Between Communitarianism, Autonomy, and Human Rights$
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Todd A. Eisenstadt, Michael S. Danielson, Moises Jaime Bailon Corres, and Carlos Sorroza Polo

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199936267

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936267.001.0001

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Uses of autonomy

Uses of autonomy

The evolution of multicultural discourse in Bolivian politics

Chapter:
(p.67) 3 Uses of autonomy
Source:
Latin America's Multicultural Movements
Author(s):

Erik Cooke

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936267.003.0025

Bolivian social movements enjoyed many successes in the 1990s using a strong discourse of multiculturalism. While social movements secured legal recognitions of indigenous language, culture, and political participation using this discourse, robust functional autonomy remained unfulfilled. Autonomy helped to highlight the many forms of exclusion of Bolivia’s indigenous majority, which gained increasing political power in the 1990s and 2000s. Once indigenous people gained significant political power, the autonomy frame was also potent enough that the opposition in the media luna region appropriated it to mobilize a counter-movement centered on regional autonomy. This chapter traces the development of the autonomy frame from early indigenous usage to the media luna autonomist movement. The momentum of Bolivian multicultural discourse appears to have empowered the autonomy frame as a mobilizing tool for “out” groups, however it has yet to enable the media luna movement to achieve its goals.

Keywords:   Bolivia, indigenous, social movements, autonomy, discourse, framing

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