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Latin America's Multicultural MovementsThe Struggle Between Communitarianism, Autonomy, and Human Rights$
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Todd A. Eisenstadt, Michael S. Danielson, Moises Jaime Bailon Corres, and Carlos Sorroza Polo

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199936267

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936267.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 November 2019

Ambivalent multiculturalisms

Ambivalent multiculturalisms

Perversity, futility, and jeopardy in Latin America

(p.18) 1 Ambivalent multiculturalisms
Latin America's Multicultural Movements

José Antonio Lucero

Oxford University Press

Latin American societies have long wrestled with the complex and sometimes contradictory terms of official multiculturalism. There is widespread agreement that a “regional model” of multicultural and autonomy policies emerged in the 1990s, but the content and consequences of multicultural politics and Indigenous rights recognition are still debated. Drawing from previous research in the Andes, this chapter provides an overview of the varieties of multiculturalisms in Latin America and pays attention to their intersections with neoliberal governance, gender, and race. MCPs have been associated with both conservative and insurgent political projects in the Americas. This chapter reviews the traits of what Van Cott called the “regional model” of multiculturalism, and borrows Hirschman’s suggestive labels for “reactionary” arguments against ostensibly progressive policies to survey debates over official MCPs. By using Hirschman’s categories, the chapter moves past glowing endorsements of MCPs and their demonization, showing the complexities of the empirical middle ground.

Keywords:   official multiculturalism, multiculturalisms, indigenous Politics, autonomy, recognition, Albert Hirschman, Donna Lee Van Cott

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