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The Globalization of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy$
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Michael A. Livermore and Richard L. Revesz

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199934386

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934386.001.0001

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Health Care Costs of Urban Air Pollution in South Africa

Health Care Costs of Urban Air Pollution in South Africa

(p.178) 11 Health Care Costs of Urban Air Pollution in South Africa
The Globalization of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy

Anthony Leiman

Oxford University Press

The reduction of costly negative externalities due to urban air pollution is a quintessential regulatory goal that agencies continue to grapple with. For developing countries, determining the proper regulatory solution for this problem requires the use of cost-benefit analysis. This chapter catalogs South Africa’s growing interest in the formal evaluation of air quality control interventions since the passage of the National Environment Management Air Quality Act No. 39 of 2004. The chapter discusses an analysis that the author conducted of the economic costs and benefits of a suite of air pollution control measures, which found that the greatest benefit-to-cost ratio is in low-cost interventions that help curb the household emissions of low-income households whose own members are the primary victims of poor air quality.

Keywords:   air pollution, South Africa, interventions, benefit-to-cost ratio

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