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Coming Up ShortWorking-Class Adulthood in an Age of Uncertainty$
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Jennifer M. Silva

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199931460

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931460.001.0001

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Hardened Selves

Hardened Selves

The Remaking of the American Working Class

(p.81) 4 Hardened Selves
Coming Up Short

Jennifer M. Silva

Oxford University Press

This chapter moves beyond the transitions to adulthood literature, asking, What does it mean to be working class in the post-industrial economy? What kinds of symbolic boundaries do young people construct to delineate who they are versus who they are not? In particular, it investigates why young people who would seemingly benefit most from social safety nets and solidarity with others cling so fiercely to neoliberal ideals of untrammeled individualism and self-reliance. Over and over again, working-class youth experience bewilderment and betrayal in institutions, learning that they can depend on others only at great cost. The more “flexible” they must become in their interactions with institutions—that is, the more they learn to manage short-term commitment and disillusionment—the more “hardened” they become toward the world around them. This “hardening” is particularly acute across lines of gender and race, as they see others as competition in the fight for stable jobs and secure futures.

Keywords:   neoliberalism, emotion, institutions, education, betrayal, culture, symbolic boundaries, race, gender

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