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An Orientation to Musical PedagogyBecoming a Musician-Educator$
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Birch P. Browning

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199928200

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928200.001.0001

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How Students Learn

How Students Learn

Chapter:
(p.69) Chapter 6 How Students Learn
Source:
An Orientation to Musical Pedagogy
Author(s):

Birch P. Browning

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928200.003.0006

The chapter relates that learning, whether of new knowledge, a new skill, or a new attitude, has both neurological and psychological components. The learning process modifies the structure of the brain (via synaptogenesis) and is experienced by the learner as a representation. Representations enable us to recognize and then cogitate about items, experiences, and concepts . Learning is more efficient if based on prior learning, stored in patterns, and is more likely to occur if the learner finds the material meaningful or useful. The chapter describes the ways in which changing a known routine (adaptive expertise) and being aware of one’s own thought process (metacognition) effect learning. Experts are able to solve complex problems because they have developed interlocking pattern-based representations of the core understandings of their domain.

Keywords:   synaptogenesis, representation, recognition, expertise, adaptive expertise, metacognition

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