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What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?$
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Bennett L. Schwartz, Mark L. Howe, Michael P. Toglia, and Henry Otgaar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199928057

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.001.0001

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Adaptive Memory

Adaptive Memory

Survival Processing, Ancestral Relevance, and the Role of Elaboration

Chapter:
(p.77) 5 Adaptive Memory
Source:
What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?
Author(s):

Mark L. Howe

Mary H. Derbish

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0005

Recent research has shown that when lists of words are processed for their relevance to a survival scenario (e.g., stranded in the grasslands of a foreign land), true memory performance is higher than when the same words are processed for a number of other, well-known meaningful or deep processing scenarios (e.g., moving to a new house, rating for pleasantness, self-reference) (for a review, see Nairne, 2010). This phenomenon, known as the adaptive memory effect, is said to showcase the human memory system’s proclivity toward more efficient processing of information for its survival relevance, something that may permit better adaptation to our environment.

Keywords:   Adaptive memory, problem-solving, false memory, survival processing, elaborative processing

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