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Positive EmotionIntegrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides$
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June Gruber and Judith Tedlie Moskowitz

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199926725

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.001.0001

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Positive Urgency and Negative Outcomes

Positive Urgency and Negative Outcomes

The Dispositional Tendency to Rash Action During Positive Emotional States

Chapter:
(p.382) Chapter 21 Positive Urgency and Negative Outcomes
Source:
Positive Emotion
Author(s):

Melissa A. Cyders

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0021

Impulsivity is a multi-faceted construct, consisting of lack of conscientiousness (lack of planning and lack of perseverance), sensation seeking, and urgency (emotion-based disposition to rash action in positive and negative emotional states) constructs. Positive urgency is a facet of the broader trait of impulsivity that represents the tendency to act rashly in response to extreme positive emotions. This trait has been shown to uniquely relate to maladaptive levels of risk-taking, including pathological gambling, sexual risk-taking, drug use, and alcohol use. This chapter will review the research on positive urgency with a particular attention paid to increasingly stringent levels of evidence, from cross-sectional evidence, to longitudinal and experimental designs. This chapter will also discuss the integration of the personality disposition of positive urgency with social learning theory, temperament research, and neurobiological underpinnings. The chapter will discuss implications for impulse-control disorders and possible mechanisms of identification and treatment strategies. The chapter will conclude by discussing future research directions to continue the examination of positive urgency.

Keywords:   positive urgency, risk-taking, impulsivity, positive emotions, emotionality

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