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Counting AmericansHow the US Census Classified the Nation$
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Paul Schor

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199917853

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917853.001.0001

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The Disappearance of the “Mulatto” as the End of Inquiry into the Composition of the Black Population of the United States

The Disappearance of the “Mulatto” as the End of Inquiry into the Composition of the Black Population of the United States

Chapter:
(p.155) 14 The Disappearance of the “Mulatto” as the End of Inquiry into the Composition of the Black Population of the United States
Source:
Counting Americans
Author(s):

Paul Schor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917853.003.0015

This chapter discusses changes in the categorization of blacks and mulattoes at the beginning of the twentieth century. In 1900, for the first time since blacks had been individually enumerated, the entire black population was combined into a single category, “Black”. This included all persons who were “negro or of negro descent.” The mulatto category then reappeared in 1910, but in the new context of a difference in ability rather than a biological difference between blacks and mulattoes but was dropped after the 1920 because the census noted that the classification varied greatly according to the race of the enumerator.

Keywords:   race, racial categories, blacks, US census, mulattoes

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