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Belief and TruthA Skeptic Reading of Plato$
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Katja Maria Vogt

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199916818

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.001.0001

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Why Beliefs Are Never True: A Reconstruction of Stoic Epistemology

Why Beliefs Are Never True: A Reconstruction of Stoic Epistemology

Chapter:
(p.158) 7 Why Beliefs Are Never True: A Reconstruction of Stoic Epistemology
Source:
Belief and Truth
Author(s):

Katja Maria Vogt

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.003.0008

According to the Stoics, beliefs are not evaluated as “true” or “false.” This aspect of Stoic epistemology, though rather stark, has not been noted by interpreters. The chapter is devoted to explaining and reconstructing it. The Stoic wise person does not hold any beliefs. In aiming for knowledge, one should aim to get rid of beliefs, which are generally seen in a negative light. These views may initially appear foreign to contemporary intuitions. However, it is argued that the Stoic position is closer to our views than one might suspect. According to the Stoics, only axiomata are strictly speaking bearers of truth-values; every other application of the truth-values is derivative. That is, ancestors of today's propositions are considered what is properly evaluated as true or false, arguably not an implausible idea.

Keywords:   Stoic epistemology, beliefs, truth-values, logic, normative epistemology, axiomata

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