How do philosophers in the Socratic tradition think about doxa, belief? It is argued that belief is, for Plato's Socrates as as well as for the skeptics and Stoics, a deficient cognitive attitude. On this conception of belief, knowledge does not involve belief. The Introduction sketches ways of thinking about belief in the Socratic tradition and compares them to widespread contemporary intuitions about belief. Some ideas that are central to the book are explained through a discussion of doxa in Plato's Meno and illustrated by examples from the Euthyphro. The scope of the book is explained. It offers a reading of Plato in two senses: interpretations of Platonic dialogues (or sections thereof) relevant to the question of what doxa is and how it relates to truth, knowledge, and investigation; and a reconstruction of how Pyrrhonian skeptics and Stoics are likely to have engaged with Plato's views on these matters.
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