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Modernism and the New SpainBritain, Cosmopolitan Europe, and Literary History$
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Gayle Rogers

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199914975

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199914975.001.0001

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Introduction: The Problem of Spain and the Cultural Map of Interwar Europe

Introduction: The Problem of Spain and the Cultural Map of Interwar Europe

(p.3) Introduction: The Problem of Spain and the Cultural Map of Interwar Europe
Modernism and the New Spain

Gayle Rogers

Oxford University Press

The introduction lays out the historical origins of the “Spanish problem,” considered both by Spanish and non-Spanish figures. I argue that this “problem” bears critically on how we write modernist scholarship in the age of global literary history. I trace the Spanish problem from its origins in the Black Legend through to Ortega’s confrontation with it in his plan to “Europeanize” Spain. I use Ortega’s renovations of his distant mentor Kant, too, to map the means by which I am approach Spanish modernism both in and beyond its European context. Finally, I follow Ortega’s career and his public works—periodicals, lectures, book presses, and more—as part of his influential effort to forge a transnational public sphere in Spain. The central focus in all of this is collaboration: I characterize the ways and means by which English- and Spanish-language modernists came to collaborate with one another in surprising ways on the question of how to reinvent post-World War I Europe through a presumably non-European Spain.

Keywords:   New Spain, modernist literature, World War I, regeneration, modernist studies, internationalism, reform, Immanuel Kant, Black Legend, cultural politics

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