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Mecca of RevolutionAlgeria, Decolonization, and the Third World Order$
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Jeffrey James Byrne

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199899142

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899142.001.0001

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The Allure of Globalism

The Allure of Globalism

Continents, Colors, and the Cold War

Chapter:
(p.172) 4 The Allure of Globalism
Source:
Mecca of Revolution
Author(s):

Jeffrey James Byrne

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899142.003.0005

This chapter examines Third World international affairs from the perspective of independent Algeria’s new foreign policy apparatus. In the early and mid-1960s, many of the organizing themes of Third World solidarity were in conflict with one another. The Algerian government was forced to choose between the themes of Arab unity, Maghribi unity, and African unity, which exacerbated contestations of Algeria’s national identity. Algeria worked toward the unification of the Third World’s various groupings and regions, even as the Soviet-Chinese rivalry for influence in the developing world turned Afro-Asianism and nonalignment into competing agendas. Algerian foreign policy was ambitious but pragmatic: the country’s leaders took advantage of their position at the intersection of multiple regions and geopolitical currents to magnify their influence in each context. However, a border conflict with Morocco in October 1963 showed that the Algerian leadership could not fully escape geographical realities.

Keywords:   Organization of African Unity (OAU), nonalignment, Afro-Asianism, Ahmed Ben Bella, Josip Broz Tito, Zhou Enlai, Gamal Abdel Nasser, race, Cold War, Arab nationalism

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