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La ConquistadoraThe Virgin Mary at War and Peace in the Old and New Worlds$
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Amy G. Remensnyder

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199892983

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892983.001.0001

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Heroes and History

Heroes and History

Chapter:
(p.61) 2 Heroes and History
Source:
La Conquistadora
Author(s):

Amy G. Remensnyder

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892983.003.0003

In late fourteenth and fifteenth-century Castile, Mary continued to be used as a patron of royally-led warfare against Muslims. As Ferdinand of Antequera, regent of Castile, and the so-called Catholic Monarchs, Ferdinand II and Isabel, invoked her on the battlefield and converted mosques into her churches, they often modeled themselves on legends about past Marian heroes, such as Ferdinand III. Ferdinand III’s sword, held by his effigy in front of a statue of Mary in Seville’s cathedral-mosque, became a Marian relic that rulers often took with them on campaign against the Muslims of Granada. These monarchs were particularly devoted to the Virgin of Guadalupe, whose statue was believed to have been buried in 711 by Visigoths to protect it from the invading Muslims and then unearthed in the era of Christian reconquests. Similar legends gave other Marian statues Visigothic connections and made them into guarantees of Spain’s essential Christianity.

Keywords:   Ferdinand of Antequera, The Catholic Monarchs, Granada, Virgin of Guadalupe, Castile, Ferdinand III’s sword, Visigothic connections, reconquest

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