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La ConquistadoraThe Virgin Mary at War and Peace in the Old and New Worlds$
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Amy G. Remensnyder

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199892983

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892983.001.0001

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The Return of the Virgin

The Return of the Virgin

(p.330) 10 The Return of the Virgin
La Conquistadora

Amy G. Remensnyder

Oxford University Press

Colonial Mexico’s Marian legends of conquest shaped New Mexico’s first century. Juan de Oñate’s soldiers believed that during their most significant fight with Pueblo Indians, the battle of Acoma, Mary supported them, while colonists in seventeenth-century Santa Fe venerated a Madonna named La Conquistadora. Mary also become part of the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, which expelled the colonists from New Mexico until the 1690s. Settlers believed they fought to save the colony with her patronage, Franciscans believed she had predicted the catastrophe, and Pueblos proclaimed that Mary was dead and their old gods were alive. The man who re-imposed Spanish control, Don Diego de Vargas, often framed his efforts to reincorporate the Pueblos into Christendom as the Virgin’s return. He used a banner decorated with an image of Los Remedios to make Mary’s patronage of his enterprise real to the Pueblos and returned the statue of La Conquistadora to Santa Fe.

Keywords:   Acoma, Juan de Oñate, Pueblo Revolt, Pueblo Indians, Diego de Vargas, La Conquistadora, Los Remedios

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