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After Neoliberalism?The Left and Economic Reforms in Latin America$
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Gustavo A. Flores-Macias

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199891658

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891658.001.0001

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Progressively Institutionalized Party System

Progressively Institutionalized Party System

Brazil’s Moderate Reforms

Chapter:
(p.117) 5 Progressively Institutionalized Party System
Source:
After Neoliberalism?
Author(s):

Gustavo Flores-Macías

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891658.003.0005

Chapter 5 discusses the central role that the gradual institutionalization of the party system played in accounting for Lula’s moderate economic policies in Brazil. It argues that, contrary to early characterizations of disarray, the Brazilian system became increasingly institutionalized during the 1990s and 2000s. It shows how progressive institutionalization contributed to the arrival of a candidate with a moderate agenda to the presidency. Chapter 5 also reveals how intra- and interparty negotiations moderated Lula and the Workers’ Party (PT)’s policies, underscoring the cases of pensions reform, fiscal reform, and central bank autonomy. Finally, this chapter discusses the role of alternative explanations, with an emphasis on two factors that played a secondary, albeit important role in accounting for the leftist government’s economic policies in Brazil: the economic instability facing the country in the months leading to Lula’s election in 2002 and the use of executive powers.

Keywords:   Brazil, Lula, party system, economic reforms, economic crisis, Workers’, Party (PT), executive powers, pensions reform, fiscal reform, central bank autonomy

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