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Categories of BeingEssays on Metaphysics and Logic$
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Leila Haaparanta and Heikki Koskinen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199890576

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.001.0001

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Transcendental Philosophy as Ontology

Transcendental Philosophy as Ontology

Chapter:
(p.453) 20 Transcendental Philosophy as Ontology
Source:
Categories of Being
Author(s):

Sami Pihlström

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0020

This chapter argues that transcendental philosophy is, while sometimes taken to be strictly anti-metaphysical and sometimes an unacceptable form of metaphysics, a metaphysical (or ontological) project in a critical sense. This does not make it dogmatic or philosophically suspect; on the contrary, transcendental philosophy offers us a way of engaging in metaphysical inquiry in a reflexively critical and fallibilist spirit. Its ontological relevance has been clear since Kant himself. After having clarified the way in which transcendental philosophy is, or can be reconceived as, a form of ontology, the chapter further defends its twofold nature as a project which is both metaphysical and critical of metaphysics through a comparison with pragmatism. There is, arguably, a way in which transcendental philosophy can be “naturalized” in a pragmatist context. This, it is suggested, is the proper way of engaging in transcendental metaphysical inquiry in the contemporary philosophical situation.

Keywords:   metaphysics, ontology, transcendental philosophy, pragmatism, Kant

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