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Categories of BeingEssays on Metaphysics and Logic$
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Leila Haaparanta and Heikki Koskinen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199890576

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.001.0001

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Transcendental Philosophy as Ontology

Transcendental Philosophy as Ontology

(p.453) 20 Transcendental Philosophy as Ontology
Categories of Being

Sami Pihlström

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that transcendental philosophy is, while sometimes taken to be strictly anti-metaphysical and sometimes an unacceptable form of metaphysics, a metaphysical (or ontological) project in a critical sense. This does not make it dogmatic or philosophically suspect; on the contrary, transcendental philosophy offers us a way of engaging in metaphysical inquiry in a reflexively critical and fallibilist spirit. Its ontological relevance has been clear since Kant himself. After having clarified the way in which transcendental philosophy is, or can be reconceived as, a form of ontology, the chapter further defends its twofold nature as a project which is both metaphysical and critical of metaphysics through a comparison with pragmatism. There is, arguably, a way in which transcendental philosophy can be “naturalized” in a pragmatist context. This, it is suggested, is the proper way of engaging in transcendental metaphysical inquiry in the contemporary philosophical situation.

Keywords:   metaphysics, ontology, transcendental philosophy, pragmatism, Kant

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