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Fictions of Fact and ValueThe Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975$
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Michael LeMahieu

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199890408

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.001.0001

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“Indigestible Residues”

“Indigestible Residues”

Ludwig Wittgenstein, Aesthetic Negativism, and the Incompleteness of Logical Positivism

(p.22) 1 “Indigestible Residues”
Fictions of Fact and Value

Michael LeMahieu

Oxford University Press

In the literary response to logical positivism, Ludwig Wittgenstein figures both as inspiration and opposition, as the philosopher of what is the case and as the poet of what is not. Wittgenstein’s contradictory reputation reflects the complexities of his philosophy, particularly the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. The text exemplifies the logical positivist philosophy to which postwar American writers responded and at the same time prefigures that very response. In casting Wittgenstein as a positivist, each for their own ends, Rudolf Carnap’s Vienna Circle and Theodor Adorno’s Frankfurt School are surprisingly aligned. Yet with its unsettled combination of logical propositions and mystical aphorisms, the Tractatus refuses to correspond to either group’s description of it. Ironically, it is Adorno’s own concept of negative dialectics that makes legible Wittgenstein’s negative aesthetics, the attempt to show the “nonsense” that cannot be said, and that reveals the ways in which Wittgenstein rejects the very positivism his text makes possible.

Keywords:   Ludwig Wittgenstein, Logical Positivism, fact/value problem, Rudolf Carnap, Vienna Circle, Theodor Adorno, Frankfurt School, aesthetic negativism, nonsense

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