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Aleister Crowley and Western Esotericism$
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Henrik Bogdan and Martin P. Starr

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199863075

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199863075.001.0001

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The Occult Roots of Scientology?

The Occult Roots of Scientology?

L. Ron Hubbard, Aleister Crowley, and the Origins of a Controversial New Religion

Chapter:
(p.335) 14 The Occult Roots of Scientology?
Source:
Aleister Crowley and Western Esotericism
Author(s):

Hugh B. Urban

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199863075.003.0014

This chapter takes a look at the extent to which one of the most controversial of all the modern new religious movements—namely Scientology—is influenced by Crowley's works. It explores the link between Crowley and L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology. It reveals that Crowley and Hubbard had a common friend, John W. Parsons, the lodge master of the only operating OTO lodge during the Second World War. Although Hubbard and Parsons were only friends for a short time, the links to Crowley give important information on both the origins of Scientology and the American spirituality during the 1950s.

Keywords:   Scientology, L. Ron Hubbard, John W. Parsons, OTO lodge, origins, American spirituality, 1950s

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