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We Are an African PeopleIndependent Education, Black Power, and the Radical Imagination$
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Russell Rickford

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199861477

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199861477.001.0001

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The Black Institution Depression

The Black Institution Depression

Chapter:
(p.219) 7 The Black Institution Depression
Source:
We Are an African People
Author(s):

Russell Rickford

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199861477.003.0008

This chapter explores the political and social crises that undermined the quest for Pan African nationalist institutions in the mid- to late 1970s. The external repression and internal conflicts that beset the black liberation struggle took a severe toll on independent institutions. Many Pan African nationalist schools struggled to survive as an era of political reaction supplanted a period of mass movements. Impoverished and reeling from the exhaustion and alienation of their organizers, independent institutions were drawn into ideological feuds between right-leaning nationalists and black Marxists. The “two-line struggle” drained the political promise of African Liberation Day, while the Sixth Pan African Congress and the Angolan Civil War exacerbated the factionalism and disorientation of black internationalists. As Pan African nationalism splintered into warring sects in the late 1970s, Afrocentrism, a more conservative elaboration of black nationalist and Pan Africanist ideals, emerged to fill the political void.

Keywords:   Ralph Featherstone, Ruwa Chiri, African Liberation Support Committee, Marxism-Leninism, two-line struggle, Afrocentrism, Sixth Pan African Congress, Angolan Civil War, MPLA, UNITA

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