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We Are an African PeopleIndependent Education, Black Power, and the Radical Imagination$
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Russell Rickford

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199861477

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199861477.001.0001

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Community Control and the Struggle for Black Education in the 1960s

Community Control and the Struggle for Black Education in the 1960s

Chapter:
(p.23) 1 Community Control and the Struggle for Black Education in the 1960s
Source:
We Are an African People
Author(s):

Russell Rickford

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199861477.003.0002

This chapter describes the philosophical transition from desegregation to “community control” as the driving force behind African-American urban struggles for educational opportunity and dignity in the late 1960s. Focusing on New York City, it outlines grassroots educational battles against substandard, segregated schools in Harlem and the Ocean Hill–Brownsville section of Brooklyn. It argues that political adaptation, as well as the shortcomings of the crusade for “quality integrated education,” reinvigorated black nationalist elements of African-American educational philosophy. It demonstrates how parents and activists mobilized theories of “black education” as part of their efforts to resist inferior public education and to imagine redemptive social alternatives.

Keywords:   community control, Ocean Hill–Brownsville, black education, Harlem, internal colony, integration, desegregation, busing, black survival

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