Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
A Primer on Criminal Law and NeuroscienceA contribution of the Law and Neuroscience Project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Stephen J. Morse and Adina L. Roskies

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199859177

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 16 July 2019

Adolescent Competence and Culpability

Adolescent Competence and Culpability

Implications of Neuroscience for Juvenile Justice Administration

Chapter:
(p.179) 7 Adolescent Competence and Culpability
Source:
A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience
Author(s):

Barry C. Feld

B. J. Casey

Yasmin L. Hurd

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.003.0007

Roper v. Simmons (2005) and Graham v. Florida (2010) held that immature judgment, susceptibility to negative peer influences, and transitory personality development diminished criminal responsibility and precluded execution for murder and life without parole sentences for non-homicide crimes committed by youths younger than eighteen years of age. These developmental characteristics also affect adolescents’ ability to exercise Miranda rights and the right to counsel, and competence to participate in legal proceedings. Developmental psychological research bolsters Roper and Graham’s conclusion that adolescents’ immature judgment and limited self-control reduce culpability and adjudicative competence compared with adults. Neuroscience research provides preliminary biological support for the behavioral findings of juveniles’ immature judgment, impulsiveness and limited self-control. Widespread neurobiological differences in the structural and functional development of prefrontal cortical and subcortical limbic structures in adolescents compared to adults may contribute to their poor judgment, reduced self-control, risk taking and heightened reward-responsiveness.

Keywords:   Juvenile Justice, Adolescent Culpability, Adjudicative Competence, Developmental Psychology, Neuroscience

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .