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War, Peace, and Human NatureThe Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views$
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Douglas P. Fry

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199858996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858996.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 July 2020

Cooperation for Survival

Cooperation for Survival

Creating a Global Peace System

(p.543) 27 Cooperation for Survival
War, Peace, and Human Nature

Douglas P. Fry

Oxford University Press

The current world system is composed of nation-states, but it is important to recognize that nation-states are not very old. The birth of nations is generally attributed to 1648 and the Treaty of Westphalia. An implication of this observation is that there is nothing sacred about a world system based on nation-states; alternative systems of governance can be visualized. This chapter explores the possibilities of adding one or more levels of governance above that of the nation-state to facilitate peace and cooperative global problem solving. It considers how higher levels of governance can bring about peace among previously disparate or hostile social entities. It concludes that human survival requires that nation-states give up the institution of war and replace it with a cooperatively-functioning global peace system—for the well-being and security of all people everywhere.

Keywords:   war, peace, nation-states, governance

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