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Culturally Competent ResearchUsing Ethnography as a Meta-Framework$
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Mo Yee Lee and Amy Zaharlick

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199846597

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846597.001.0001

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Culturally Competent Analysis and Interpretation

Culturally Competent Analysis and Interpretation

(p.101) 5 Culturally Competent Analysis and Interpretation
Culturally Competent Research

Mo Yee Lee

Amy Zaharlick

Oxford University Press

An ethnographic approach is eclectic and allows for triangulation of data from multiple sources to enrich and confirm understandings of the studied phenomenon. Data analysis and interpretation are guided by an ethnographic perspective that values the researcher’s collaborative relationships with the study group. Data collection, management, and analysis are intricately related processes that occur throughout the study. Through a feedback process of constant questioning, modifying, and clarifying of data and findings, researchers attempt to determine ‘what is going on’ in order to construct an understanding of emerging data, to provide direction for further data collection, and to answer research questions. The central role of historical, sociocultural, and institutional factors are considered. Ethnographic analysis and interpretation facilitates discovery of the cultural factors significant to the group being investigated and how such discoveries fit into a larger context. Two case studies illustrate how an ethnographic perspective can yield culturally competent interpretations.

Keywords:   data interpretation, ethnographic analysis, study group, research questions, data collection

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