Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Women in WarThe Micro-processes of Mobilization in El Salvador$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jocelyn Viterna

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199843633

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843633.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 11 December 2019

Recruiting a Guerrilla Army

Recruiting a Guerrilla Army

Chapter:
(p.63) 4 Recruiting a Guerrilla Army
Source:
Women in War
Author(s):

Jocelyn Viterna

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843633.003.0004

Recruitment of activists is a perennial challenge in any social movement, and especially in movements where participation is “high risk”. Recruiting women into the FMLN guerrilla army was especially difficult: How could the FMLN convince women from patriarchal rural El Salvador to “bend gender” enough to take on the traditionally masculine task of making war? Using data from interviews and archives, this chapter describes both the official and the unofficial FMLN recruitment processes. It concludes that two narratives were central to the FMLN’s extraordinary mobilization success. First, capitalizing on the violence of the times, the FMLN successfully redefined many common identities to include the war effort, such that being a “youth” or a “campesino” became incomprehensible without situating that identity in relation to its wartime responsibilities. Second, the FMLN successfully narrated itself as the “good guys” in a bad situation, and thus worthy of widespread support. The chapter concludes that gender norms were central to the success of each of these recruitment narratives.

Keywords:   Recruitment, Narratives, Identity, High-risk Activism, Violence, Gender, Women, Guerrillas, FMLN, El Salvador

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .