The Evangelical Revival, Methodism, and Pioneer Mission Work in the Cape Colony, 1790s–1820s
Chapter one places the Evangelical Revival in its European context especially the birth and significance of Methodism and the formation of missionary societies to spread the Gospel to Africa. Evangelicalism overlapped chronologically and ideologically with the growth in momentum of the anti-slavery movement in the 1790s. This chapter highlights how Sierra Leone emerged as early prototype of an African settlement that focused on agricultural industry and Christianity, a model that missionaries of all denominations tried to emulate in some format throughout the nineteenth century. The chapter also explores how the social geography of the Cape Colony delimited pioneer missionary work between 1799 and 1834, particularly the work of the London Missionary Society. Early LMS evangelical work, by fusing African political advocacy with evangelism, left a legacy the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society tried to distance itself from when they arrived on the scene in the 1820s.
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