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The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters$
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Debarati Guha-Sapir and Indhira Santos

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199841936

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841936.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 13 December 2019

The Frequency and Impact of Natural Disasters

The Frequency and Impact of Natural Disasters

Chapter:
(p.7) 1 The Frequency and Impact of Natural Disasters
Source:
The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters
Author(s):

Debarati Guha-Sapir

Olivia D’Aoust

Femke Vos

Philippe Hoyois

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841936.003.0002

The world is facing the impact of natural disasters on human lives and economy on a colossal scale. In 2008, 321 disasters killed 235,816 people, affected 211 million others and cost a total of US$181 billion. Asia account for a large share of these figures. The most frequent disasters are floods and storms, accounting for 70% of the natural disasters that occurred between 1950 and 2008. This chapter builds on the international Emergency Disasters Database (EM-DAT) to provide an overview of both the occurrence and the human and economic consequences of natural disasters across time and space. It also points out that statistics are essential forthe understanding of risk profiles and severity of impact, and calls for more standardized definitions and methods. In particular, the economic damages of natural disasters are largely underreported.

Keywords:   natural disaster, Emergency Disasters Database, Impact of natural disasters

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