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Shanghai SanctuaryChinese and Japanese Policy toward European Jewish Refugees during World War II$
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Bei Gao

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199840908

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840908.001.0001

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The European Jewish Refugees and Shanghai

(p.127) Epilogue
Shanghai Sanctuary

Gao Bei

Oxford University Press

The book concludes by exploring how, in February 1943, the Japanese military authorities in Shanghai decided to force the Jewish refugees into the “Shanghai Ghetto.” There the Jews remained until the end of World War II. The reasons that the Jewish refugees came to Shanghai eventually shaped their decisions to leave China after the end of the war. They had escaped to China in the late 1930s and early 1940s simply because it was the only place to offer them sanctuary. When Jews began fleeing Nazi-controlled territories, their preferred destinations were other European countries or the United States. The Jewish refugees simply considered Shanghai merely a temporary haven. Nevertheless, the Shanghai Jews survived while their families and relatives in Europe became victims of the Holocaust.

Keywords:   Holocaust, Shanghai Ghetto, Jewish refugees, Nazi territories, World War II

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