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Shanghai SanctuaryChinese and Japanese Policy toward European Jewish Refugees during World War II$
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Bei Gao

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199840908

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840908.001.0001

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The Tripartite Pact and Japan's Policy toward the Shanghai Jewish Refugee Issue, January 1940–August 1945

The Tripartite Pact and Japan's Policy toward the Shanghai Jewish Refugee Issue, January 1940–August 1945

Chapter:
(p.93) Chapter 4 The Tripartite Pact and Japan's Policy toward the Shanghai Jewish Refugee Issue, January 1940–August 1945
Source:
Shanghai Sanctuary
Author(s):

Gao Bei

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840908.003.0005

The book's final chapter explains how Germany's victories in Western Europe in early 1940 successfully revived the pro-German groups’ passion for a military alliance with the Axis powers. In September 1940, Japan concluded the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy, and the Japanese government immediately began to revise its Jewish policy. In late 1938, the opportunity had still existed for Japan to improve its relations with the United States and Britain, and for that purpose Inuzuka's and Yasue's plan for using the Jews made a certain sense. In comparison, Japan's alliance with Germany and Italy in late 1940 produced a different situation and made a U.S.-Japanese confrontation more likely than ever before. Japanese officials no longer wanted to contradict their German allies’ long standing anti-Semitism. Inuzuka and Yasue were removed from their positions one after another in 1940, and they were subsequently unable either to decide or influence Japan's new Jewish policy.

Keywords:   Germany, Western Europe, Tripartite Pact, Italy, Jewish policy, United States, Yasue Norihiro, Inuzuka Koreshige

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