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Shanghai SanctuaryChinese and Japanese Policy toward European Jewish Refugees during World War II$
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Bei Gao

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199840908

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840908.001.0001

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The Chinese Nationalist Government and the Shanghai Jewish Refugees

The Chinese Nationalist Government and the Shanghai Jewish Refugees

(p.31) Chapter 2 The Chinese Nationalist Government and the Shanghai Jewish Refugees
Shanghai Sanctuary

Gao Bei

Oxford University Press

This chapter details how Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist government entertained three plans to settle European Jewish refugees on Chinese soil during the war against Japan. In early 1939, Sun Ke, president of the Legislative Yuan, formulated a plan to settle European Jewish refugees in southwest China. At the same time, the German Jewish businessman Jakob Berglas and the politically active American Jewish dentist Maurice William presented plans to both the Nationalist and U.S. governments to transplant European Jews to China. The Nationalists have been harshly criticized for not confronting the invading Japanese with enough determination. However, their Jewish policy demonstrates that the Chinese Nationalists were determined not only to fight the war but also to use every possible tool, domestic and international, to win. It also illuminates how the “Jewish issue” complicated the relationships between China, Japan, Germany, and the United States before and during World War II.

Keywords:   Chinese Nationalist government, Sun Ke, Jakob Berglas, Maurice William, Chiang Kai-Shek, Legislative Yuan, United States

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