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Shanghai SanctuaryChinese and Japanese Policy toward European Jewish Refugees during World War II$
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Bei Gao

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199840908

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840908.001.0001

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Chinese and Japanese Perceptions of the Jews

Chinese and Japanese Perceptions of the Jews

(p.11) Chapter 1 Chinese and Japanese Perceptions of the Jews
Shanghai Sanctuary

Gao Bei

Oxford University Press

Chapter One illuminates how many Chinese nationalists and intellectuals in the early 20th century embraced the Zionist movement to inspire their fellow countrymen. In the late 1930s, when China faced the challenge of the Japanese invasion, a number of leading intellectuals used the example of the Jews, a people without a homeland, to caution other Chinese about the danger of losing their own country and to call for Chinese resistance against Japan. Meanwhile, Japan's Siberian Expedition exposed Japanese military officers to the “Jewish problem” for the first time. Army Colonel Yasue Norihiro and Navy Captain Inuzuka Koreshige developed a powerful interest in Jewish affairs. These “Jewish problem experts” conducted comprehensive research on Jewish-related matters. In the late 1930s, this research contributed to the formation of a unique anti-Semitism, which led them to urge their government to exploit alleged Jewish political and financial power to help achieve Japan's goals in East Asia.

Keywords:   Chinese nationalists, Zionist Movement, Yasue Norihiro, Inuzuka Koreshige, Siberian Expedition, Jewish problem, anti-Semitism

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