This concluding chapter begins with a discussion of the process of patent law internationalization. Patent law internationalization has made tremendous progress, which has improved the position of inventors who strive to protect their inventions in multiple countries or worldwide. However, the process has fallen short of providing viable worldwide protection that will reward inventors for the global disclosure of their inventions. Patent law internationalization to date has developed in three stages. The first stage began in the 1870s and resulted in countries giving foreigners the right to obtain patents under the same conditions as their own nationals. In the second stage countries created mechanisms for obtaining patents in multiple countries. The current (third) stage of patent law internationalization evidences the recognition by countries that international cooperation in the area of intellectual property cannot stop at granting rights in multiple countries; cooperation must embrace the effective enforcement of rights as well. The chapter then considers proposed solutions to the problems of cross-border enforcement and patent law harmonization.
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