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Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries$
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Srividhya Ragavan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199840670

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.001.0001

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The Debate on Plant Variety Protection

The Debate on Plant Variety Protection

Chapter:
(p.271) 9 The Debate on Plant Variety Protection
Source:
Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries
Author(s):

Srividhya Ragavan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0009

This chapter considers the elements of plant breeding in relation to the debate on plant variety production. It considers the second biggest barrier to agricultural trade, which is caused when poor nations fail to protect plant breeding innovations. It then looks at the process of plant breeding and identifies the advantages of hybrids. This chapter also examines the historical context of the debate on plant breeding, the model of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV), and the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Rights Act of 2004. The adoption by the Indian government of the model of confining plant breeding to the public sector to address food security issues is also discussed.

Keywords:   plant breeding, plant variety production, plant breeding innovations, hybrids, food security issues

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