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Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries$
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Srividhya Ragavan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199840670

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.001.0001

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The Unequals: National Realities and Patent Regimes of the Developing World

The Unequals: National Realities and Patent Regimes of the Developing World

Chapter:
(p.30) 2 The Unequals: National Realities and Patent Regimes of the Developing World
Source:
Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries
Author(s):

Srividhya Ragavan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0002

This chapter takes a look at the problems associated with patent development within developing countries, specifically Brazil and India. The first half of the chapter discusses the patent regime in India, including the Ayyangar Report, which analyzes the adaptability of foreign patent regimes and policy options to address the national issues of the country, and the process patent regime of the 1970s, where the processes and methods of producing food, medical, and chemical invention products were protected. The second half of the chapter focuses on Brazil's constitutional commitment to access to medicines and its patent law. A section on the similarities between these two countries concludes the chapter.

Keywords:   patent development, problems, Brazil, India, Ayyangar Report, process patent regime, access to medicines, patent law

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