This chapter summarizes the accumulated knowledge and the questions that remain unanswered. It then shows how scientific information collected over the past twenty or thirty years can and should probably change certain aspects of medical practice and also, in a much more important manner, the general attitude of society toward homosexuals (and also probably transsexuals). It shows that hormonal, genetic, and possibly immunological factors acting to a large extent during the embryonic life or during early infancy play an import role in the determination of sexual orientation. It further argues that there is still no psychoanalytic, psychological, or sociological explanation of homosexuality.
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