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The Biology of Homosexuality$
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Jacques Balthazart

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199838820

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.001.0001

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Sex Differences Suggest Homosexuality Is an Endocrine Phenomenon

Sex Differences Suggest Homosexuality Is an Endocrine Phenomenon

Chapter:
8 Sex Differences Suggest Homosexuality Is an Endocrine Phenomenon
Source:
The Biology of Homosexuality
Author(s):

Jacques Balthazart

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0042

Two major types of biological nonexclusive explanations have been advanced to explain homosexual sexual behavior. Either it is controlled by hormonal factors that are known to play a role in the control of animal behavior and sexual orientation, or it depends on genetic factors that work independently of hormones or by altering their production or action. This chapter considers arguments that suggest the existence of hormonal control mechanisms of homosexuality. The studies reviewed show that homosexuality in men and women is significantly associated with a range of physical, functional, and behavioral characteristics that are modified from what is normally seen in heterosexual individuals. These characteristics are not changed in all studies, however, and are not always observed in both sexes.

Keywords:   homosexuality, sexual behavior, hormonal factors, sexual orientation, hormonal control

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